What is a resume?

A resume is an at-a-glance document that helps potential hiring managers get to know your work experience. 

It’s the first impression many job seekers get to make with a future employer, so you’ll want to make sure it’s perfect.


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So, what is a resume?

Your resume should give hiring managers a general overview of your experience, accomplishments, and education. You want to include previous jobs, standout skills, and any awards or special recognition you’ve garnered. 

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For almost any job, a resume is required to be considered, and since it’s the first impression, you want to put your best foot forward. 

To get started, here are the critical parts of a resume you’ll need to include:

  • You’re full name and contact details (address, email, and phone number)
  • A short introduction about you and your professional experience
  • Your education and credentials
  • Work history that includes your core responsibilities
  • Any skills you’d like to highlight

Why create a resume?

Beyond introducing your experience, a resume is also the first opportunity to convince hiring managers you’re right for the job. 

It should highlight all your best experiences and any relevant career growth or accomplishments. In a world where you’re battling against hundreds, and in some cases thousands, of other job seekers — what you put out there matters. 

Top resume formats

A resume isn’t one size fits all. In fact, it’s a major opportunity for you to get creative and stand out to future employers. There are many different types of resumes, and a simple google search will generate some great examples. 

But here’s a quick look at the most common resume types: 

Chronological Resume

A simple format that starts with your name and introduction then showcases a chronological list of your professional experience. 

If you’re looking to stand out, a chronological resume probably isn’t what you want as it’s the most common format out there.

Targeted Resume

A targeted resume is excellent for creative individuals. Not only will it showcase your experience, but it can be custom-tailored for each role. 

For example, suppose you’ve worked on a project in telecommunications and are applying for a role with a telecom company. In that case, you can use a targeted resume to highlight the project you worked on.

These need to be updated for each role, so they take a little more time. But it does show the hiring manager that you paid attention to their job listing and really want the role. 

Functional Resume

Unlike the chronological resume, which highlights your experience, a functional resume spotlights your skills. It works best for professionals with a non-traditional career path or looking to make an industry change. 

Rather than focusing on your industry, it allows hiring managers to focus on what you’re capable of. 

The importance of your resume

A resume is essential to your job search because it’s the first impression and the highlight reel of your career thus far. While you want to keep it professional, it’s okay to get creative with it. Mix up the formats or use a little graphic design to make it stand out.

Whatever you end up doing with your resume, put all your best achievements and skills where hiring managers can easily find them. 

And more than anything else, stay confident that your experience will be the perfect fit for a job out there.